Cognitive Skills and Deficits



Why and How We Forget

Can you remember the name of your Grade 1 teacher? Certainly the information was stored at one time ― the teacher was a central figure in your life for nearly a year. If you can’t recall the name, is it still somewhere in your long-term memory?

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How the Brain Keeps Track of What We’re Doing

"Working memory" is what we have to keep track of things moment to moment: driving on a highway and focusing on the vehicles around us, then forgetting them as we move on; remembering all the names at the dinner party while conversing with one person about her job.

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Occasional Memory Loss Tied To Lower Brain Volume

People who occasionally forget an appointment or a friend's name may have a loss of brain volume, even though they don't have memory deficits on regular tests of memory or dementia, according to a study.

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Mental Skills Decline Years Before Death, Even Without Dementia

A new study shows that older people's mental skills start declining years before death, even if they don't have dementia. The study is published in the online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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World’s Oldest Woman Had Normal Brain

A 115-year-old woman who remained mentally alert throughout her life had an essentially normal brain, with little or no evidence of Alzheimer's disease, according to the "Neurobiology of Aging". The woman had lived independently until moving to a residential care home at age 105, mainly because of poor eyesight.

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Brain Exercises Can Enhance Memory and Prevent Dementia

For millions of people who are approaching old age, developing dementia, particularly if there is a family history of the disease, is a frightening prospect. What is clear from numerous observational studies is that keeping mentally active throughout life reduces the risk of developing dementia.

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New Language Boosts Brainpower

Learning a second language can improve brainpower, a study says. Researchers at University College London studied the brains of 105 people, 80 of whom were bilingual, and found that learning a new language altered grey matter the same way exercise builds muscles...

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Forgetful? You May Be Losing More Than Just Your Memory

Older adults who complain their "mind is going" may be losing a part of their brain along with their memory, according to a study published in Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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How to Improve Your Child’s Long-term Memory

In order to learn, a person must be able to store something that he has perceived, to recall later. Man's ability to remember or to recall to memory makes learning possible. Seven types of memory play an indispensable role in the reading process.

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Juggle for a Bigger Brain

It's no longer just a party trick. Juggling, and probably other visual skills that take time to master, increase the size of your brain. That’s the conclusion of German researchers, which throws down the gauntlet to the mainstream view that the size of the adult brain does not change at all except when it is confronted by ageing or disease.

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