Dyslexia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment



Help, My Child Has Dyslexia (Part 1)

There are few things that create so much tension within a parent as a child who struggles with reading, spelling and writing. Whereas most children find it easy, or relatively easy, for one out of five children this experience is very different.

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Different Types of Dyslexia

The terms phonological dyslexia and surface dyslexia are generally used to describe two main types of dyslexia. Phonological dyslexia includes trouble breaking words down into syllables and into smaller sound units called phonemes, while kids with surface dyslexia struggle with reading because they can’t recognise words by sight.

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Dyseidetic Dyslexia, Visual Dyslexia, Visuo-spatial Dyslexia…

Children whose reading difficulties relate to visual-processing weaknesses have been called visual dyslexics, visuo-spatial dyslexics, or dyseidetic dyslexics. These children’s primary deficit is in the ability to recognise and remember how letter and whole-word configurations look. They seem to attend only to partial cues in words, overlooking a systematic analysis of English orthography...

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Dyslexia: Is the Shoe Perhaps on the Wrong Foot?

Reading is the most important skill that a child must acquire at school, because one must learn to read to be able to read to learn. The implication of this is that the child who is a poor reader will usually also be a poor learner.

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Is Dyslexia Really a Gift?

Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, Auguste Rodin, George Patton, and Woodrow Wilson were apparently dyslexic. Dyslexia is therefore considered as a sign of genius. Is this true, or is there perhaps another side to the dyslexia coin that is being overlooked?

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Is Dyslexia a Brain Dysfunction? Here’s an Alternative Interpretation of the Facts

Research indicates that the dyslexic's brain differs from that of a typical reader. Does this mean that dyslexia is caused by a neurological dysfunction or is there an alternative interpretation that explains these differences?

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Difficulty Processing Speech May Be an Effect of Dyslexia, not a Cause

Published in Cortex, Lori Holt and Yafit Gabay found for the first time that learning complex auditory categories through procedural learning is impaired in dyslexia. This means that difficulty processing speech may be an effect of dyslexia, not its cause.

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Overcoming Dyslexia

Most problems can only be solved if one knows what causes the problem. A disease such as scurvy claimed the lives of thousands of seamen during long sea voyages. The disease was cured fairly quickly once the cause was discovered, viz. a Vitamin C deficiency. A viable point of departure would therefore be to ask the question, "What is the cause of dyslexia?"

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The Dyslexia Debate

There is much debate around dyslexia and whether it is life-long condition that must be diagnosed or a meaningless description used for personal gain that should be discontinued. With these two very extreme views on dyslexia, concerned parents may wonder what to do for their child who struggles to read and write.

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Dyslexic Readers Have Disrupted Network Connections in the Brain

A new study in Biological Psychiatry maps the circuitry of dyslexia. Compared to typical readers, dyslexic readers had weaker connections between areas that process visual information and areas that control attention, suggesting that individuals with dyslexia are less able to focus on printed words.

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