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Learning and Learning Problems

19

Jan'17

Child Gets Good Report Yet Cannot Read, Cannot Do Maths

Johnny's teacher is happy about his performance in reading and maths. She awarded him a 6/7 for reading and a 7/7 for maths on his year-end report. Johnny's parents should be proud... The truth is that Johnny's parents are becoming more and more unsettled. If Johnny's reading is considered to be good, why is his younger sister's reading so much better than his?

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15

Jan'17

Our Senses Can’t Learn Under Stress

When we train them, we can sharpen our senses thereby improve our perceptual performance. The stress hormone cortisol completely blocks this important ability. In the current issue of Psychoneuroendocrinology neuroscientists of the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) report on this finding.

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15

Jan'17

Study Raises Hope that Autism Behaviours May be Reversible

About 1 percent of people with autism are missing a gene called Shank3, which is critical for brain development. Without this gene, individuals develop typical autism symptoms including repetitive behaviour and avoidance of social interactions. In a study of mice, MIT researchers have now shown that they can reverse some of those behavioural symptoms by turning the gene back on later in life...

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10

Jan'17

Brain Impairments in Premature Infants May Begin in the Womb

Even before they are born, premature babies may display alterations in the circuitry of their developing brains, according to a first-of-its kind research study by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Wayne State University.

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18

Dec'16

What Goes Wrong In the Brain When Someone Can’t Spell

By studying stroke victims who have lost the ability to spell, researchers have pinpointed the parts of the brain that control how we write words. In the journal 'Brain', Johns Hopkins University neuroscientists link basic spelling difficulties for the first time with damage to seemingly unrelated regions of the brain, shedding new light on the mechanics of language and memory.

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20

Nov'16

Spelling Mnemonics: Helpful But Not a Solution

A mnemonic is a specific reconstruction of target content intended to tie new information more closely to the learner's existing knowledge base and, therefore, facilitate retrieval. Spelling mnemonics is intended to help us remember the spelling of words. In order to remember that the word “cemetery” is spelled with three e's, for example, one can picture a lady screaming 'E-E-E' as she walks past the cemetery...

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11

Nov'16

What Is Automaticity? Why Is It Important for Reading and Learning?

Acquisition of a new skill is generally associated with a decrease in the need for effortful control over performance, leading to the development of automaticity. Automaticity by definition has been achieved when performance of a primary task is minimally affected by other ongoing tasks.

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06

Nov'16

Every Child Learns Differently? Or Don’t They?

The phrase “every child learns differently” is often used to refer to a child’s learning style. Learning styles are generally divided into three categories: (1.) visual learners, who need to see it to know it, (2.) auditory learners, who need to hear it to know it and (3.) tactile/kinaesthetic learners, who prefer a hands-on approach...

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30

Oct'16

Spelling Help for Kids with Spelling Difficulties

Learners with reading difficulties usually have problems in spelling as well, and oftentimes have more severe deficits in spelling than in reading, according to Hallahan et al. in Introduction to Learning Disabilities. In reading, context and other cues help one to decode a word, but in spelling, one must produce the word after hearing or thinking it.

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25

Oct'16

Don’t Confuse Learning Skills with Learning Strategies

There is a tendency nowadays to confuse the word skill with related concepts like strategy, method, and technique. Many people, when talking about "learning skills," actually mean learning strategies, or learning methods, or learning techniques...

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