Reading and Reading Difficulties



87% of Grade 4 and 78% of Grade 5 Learners At Risk of Not Learning to Read

Although no academic skill is more vital than the ability to read, the reality is that many children battle to learn to read, and some never succeed. Judging by the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) results, South African children are especially affected.

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People Who Cannot Read May Be Three Times As Likely To Develop Dementia

New research has found that people who are illiterate, meaning they never learned to read or write, may have nearly three times greater risk of developing dementia than people who can read and write.

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Study: Reading or Listening, the Same Parts of the Brain Are Likely to Be Stimulated

Too busy or lazy to read Melville's Moby Dick or Tolstoy's Anna Karenina? That's OK. Whether you read the classics, or listen to them instead, the same cognitive and emotional parts of the brain are likely to be stimulated. And now, there's a map to prove it.

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Teaching Reading IS Rocket Science

Contrary to the popular theory that learning to read is natural and easy, learning to read is a complex linguistic achievement," Dr Louisa Moats writes in her booklet Teaching Reading IS Rocket Science. "For many children, it requires effort and incremental skill development."

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A Letter We’ve Seen Millions of Times, Yet Can’t Write

Despite seeing it millions of times in pretty much every picture book, every novel, every newspaper and every email message, people are essentially unaware of the more common version of the lowercase print letter 'g,' Johns Hopkins researchers have found.

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Amazingly Flexible: Learning to Read in Your 30s Profoundly Transforms the Brain

New research shows that when adults learn to read for the first time, the changes that occur in their brain are not limited to the outer layer of the brain, the cortex, but extends to deep brain structures in the thalamus and the brainstem. This was observed in illiterate Indian women who learned how to read and write for six months.

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Phonics Works: Sounding Out Words Best Way to Teach Reading

Research published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General has shown that learning to read by sounding out words (a teaching method known as phonics) has a dramatic impact on the accuracy of reading aloud and comprehension.

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The Role of Working Memory in Reading

The term working memory was coined in the 1970s by two researchers named Baddeley and Hitch, referring to the ability to temporarily hold several facts or thoughts in memory while solving a problem or performing a task. An important and consistent finding is that working memory problems interfere with reading comprehension.

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What Is Reading Fluency? Why Is It Important?

Over 30 years of research indicates that fluency is one of the critical building blocks of reading, because fluency development is directly related to comprehension. Here are the results of one study by Fuchs, Fuchs, Hosp, and Jenkins that shows how oral reading fluency correlates highly with reading comprehension.

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A Multisensory Approach to Teaching Reading: Question and Answer

My son is dyslexic. Studies have shown that for children with difficulties learning to read, a multisensory teaching method is the most effective teaching method. Apparently, this is especially crucial for a dyslexic child. What does multisensory mean? How will I use this approach to teach my son to discriminate between b's and d's?

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