Reading and Reading Difficulties

10

Jun'17

Amazingly Flexible: Learning to Read in Your 30s Profoundly Transforms the Brain

New research shows that when adults learns to read for the first time, the changes that occur in their brain are not limited to the outer layer of the brain, the cortex, but extends to deep brain structures in the thalamus and the brainstem. This was observed in illiterate Indian women who learned how to read and write for six months.

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12

May'17

Phonics Works: Sounding Out Words Best Way to Teach Reading

Research published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General has shown that learning to read by sounding out words (a teaching method known as phonics) has a dramatic impact on the accuracy of reading aloud and comprehension.

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31

Jan'17

The Role of Working Memory in Reading

The term working memory was coined in the 1970s by two researchers named Baddeley and Hitch, referring to the ability to temporarily hold several facts or thoughts in memory while solving a problem or performing a task. An important and consistent finding is that working memory problems interfere with reading comprehension.

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31

Jan'17

What Is Reading Fluency? Why Is It Important?

Over 30 years of research indicates that fluency is one of the critical building blocks of reading, because fluency development is directly related to comprehension. Here are the results of one study by Fuchs, Fuchs, Hosp, and Jenkins that shows how oral reading fluency correlates highly with reading comprehension.

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30

Dec'16

A Multisensory Approach to Teaching Reading: Question and Answer

My son is dyslexic. Studies have shown that for children with difficulties learning to read, a multisensory teaching method is the most effective teaching method. Apparently, this is especially crucial for a dyslexic child. What does multisensory mean? How will I use this approach to teach my son to discriminate between b's and d's?

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23

Dec'16

What Causes Reading Disabilities?

Successful intervention is dependent on finding the cause or causes of a problem. Most problems can only be solved if one knows their causes. A viable point of departure would therefore be to ask the question, "What causes reading disabilities?"

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20

Nov'16

The Right to Read, Chapter 2: Birth of a Syndrome

"The Right to Read" is no longer for sale, but Part One of this book can now be read online!... On Saturday, April 6, 1963, a new disease was invented in Chicago, Illinois, that over the next twenty years would slowly begin to infect millions of schoolchildren nationwide. This was no simple virus or common bacteria. Hidden deep within the neurological system, it resisted detection by medical personnel, evaded clear diagnosis through testing, and had no discernible cure...

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13

Nov'16

What Is Automaticity? Why Is It Important for Reading and Learning?

Acquisition of a new skill is generally associated with a decrease in the need for effortful control over performance, leading to the development of automaticity. Automaticity by definition has been achieved when performance of a primary task is minimally affected by other ongoing tasks.

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13

Nov'16

The Right to Read, Chapter 1: The Keys to the Kingdom

"The Right to Read" is no longer for sale, but Part One of this book can now be read online!... The term dyslexia was introduced in 1884 by the German ophthalmologist, R. Berlin. He coined it from the Greek words dys meaning ill or difficult and lexis meaning word, and used it to describe a specific disturbance of reading in the absence of pathological conditions in the visual organs.2 In a later publication, in 1887, Berlin stated that dyslexia, “presuming right handedness,” is caused by a left-sided cerebral lesion...

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06

Nov'16

Brain ‘Reads’ Sentences the Same in English, Portuguese

When the brain "reads" or decodes a sentence in English or Portuguese, its neural activation patterns are the same, new research shows. The study is the first to show that different languages have similar neural signatures for describing events and scenes.

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